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About the story of science

Generation Z. The generation where technology is fast pace and changing. But how do they invent or make things? With science. From our elementary till now we are studying science subjects because everything around us is related to science. I ask myself, why everything is related to science albeit soil, plants, buildings, and people. Science has branches that some branches of science are not yet taken up for it is more specific that you need a degree to know more of it. Where did science start? This being said, science made our lives now easy. From accidents that are now things that we use. From experiments that fails but discovers something else. Things are made either through discovering or through experimenting or through failed test. Science is broad if you ask me. In this sense, there are too many to be learned for these 12 years of education. As a senior high student, science can not be defined for it takes up many things. Still science is broad for my 12 years of learning in school there are some branches of it that I have not yet learned. In the documentary, it said that all of the people are empty spaces and that all of us combined together we are as big as a sugar cube. With this in thought, the documentary started with how in history science have been related to it in so many ways. Finding something like the philosopher’s stone is very hard for even the greatest alchemist out there can not find. Hannig Brand thought that with urine, he can make the philosopher’s stone. They test things like chemicals so that they might find what they are looking for. Science answers the questions of many. One may think that it is hard but for them it keeps them wanting to know the answers. Joseph Priestley was one of the seekers of answers. By heating in high temperature the red calx turned into what is now known as Mercury and the gas that it produces relights a fire. He called this as good air. Priestley then showed it to Antoine Lavoisier and how it was made. Lavoisier also made the same experiment then called the gas as Oxygen. With that made, elements begun to be formed and discovered by chemists. The Montgolfier brothers then invented a gas that can make hot air balloons fly using big heaps of straws. Antoine Lavoisier made a machine that can make water break down into two elements: Oxygen and Hydrogen. Years go by, romanticism era came. Romanticist poets came and been finding things. Poets like William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Humphry Davy. Davy then made a experiment where potash was broken down by using electricity then an element called Potassium was made. An author named Mary Shelley was both inspired and disturbed by Davy’s works. Samuel Cole ridge then helped coined the term scientist. An alternative of this is science man but scientist stuck to them. On Britain, mosquitoes became the deadliest animal for it causes diseases like yellow fever, dengue fever, and malaria. Many died of malaria and the cure for that is the bark of a Cinchona tree. The bark of the Cinchona tree has a substance called quinine. To help the British people, tons of quinine will be needed but it is not possible. They then find an alternative for it or a synthetic substance that can cure malaria. In London’s east end, William Perkin tries to find a alternative for it. He used aniline, a substance that has the same components as quinine, and mixed it with sulphuric acid and potassium dichromate. With that he did not know what may happen but what he did, he did not found an alternative but he found the color mauve, the first ever synthetic dye. Perkin then made a factory and made lots of dyes and made lots of color. William Perkin became the father of industrial chemistry. The First World War then started, there was a poison gas called chlorine. Elements have been discovered one by one. Elements that they have discovered was made up of small indivisible chunks called atom. A theory was then formed that elements are made up of atoms. William Crookes was a unique from the first ones mentioned. His discovering ranges from new element to ghosts, and spirits. He believed that there was an afterlife. He invited a media and took photographs. On those photographs were captured something that is not there in real life. Crookes then has a tube called Crookes tube that is air sucked with a couple of electrodes and a fluorescent screen. With electricity flowing on both sides, a green ray was then made. This green ray can then be bent with a magnet. Another tube was made but this time it has a tiny metal paddle wheel inside it. When turned on, the wheel moved from its position and went to the other side. The wheel moved because he said that there was a force that made it move. This thing was called radiant matter. In Cambridge University, in the Cavendish Laboratory, Joseph John Thompson or also known as JJ Thompson found that there is a moving matter inside the atom. That matter was then named electron, the first subatomic particle discovered. An atom is made up of a nucleus inside it were the proton and neutron and outside of the nucleus the electron that orbits it. With the electron being discovered, JJ Thompson was awarded with a Nobel Prize in physics in 1906. In the atomic theory, an atom is like the solar system with the nucleus being the sun and the electron being the planets that orbits but this was wrong. This then made them came up with another theory called quantum theory. Niels Bohr was the father of quantum physics. Albert Einstein rejected the quantum theory believing that this is not true. Quantum theory is the foundation of our modern technological society. Valves are the workhorse of the electrical industry. A valve controls the flow of electrons and amplifies it. These are big, and breakable. With this, the Bell labs conducted a research team with William Shockley leading them. They made the first ever transistor. A transistor has the same function as the valves but with a small size. With the transistor made, technology changed from big radios to transistor radios. The documentary ended with the same thing said from the start which is that people are empty spaces that if combined we are no bigger than a sugar cube. The first thought that came from my mind was that this was going to be boring and that I will have no interest in it whatsoever. I really do not like watching documentaries because I have a busy life that has no time to watch one. When I started the documentary, I was in fact bored but within the middle of it I became fascinated and became unbelievably surprised that that was how it started from accidents, experiments, and observation. What I have learned from what I have watched is that it is okay to make mistakes for it turn into something unexpected. I have also learned that the history is something that should be known by the children because of what happened then, today might have never happened. Never judge a book by its cover, a saying that we all know back when we were kids. Know it well first before you start judging it. Do not let the appearance distract you from what is really meant. Life has ups and downs. You have to work hard to get through it. In less than one month, we will be graduating. A new chapter is about to begin and challenges and obstacles may come our way. Mistakes and failures will happen. I said will because you can never escape it. Learn from that mistake and let that mistake become a lesson.

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