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Assessment of learning: canada’s population story

Assessment of Learning: Canada’s population story


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1. Regions with high population growth


Past: In 1891, a census was done and it resulted in Ontario and Quebec having the highest population growth in Canada. There was also remarkable increase in Manitoba, British Columbia, & the Territories. The Great lakes-St. Lawrence lowlands, Canadian shield, Interior plains, Western Cordillera, and the Appalachian Region is where these regions are located in. Quebec city, Montreal, Vancouver, and Toronto are a few examples of major cities in these provinces. (Grainger, 1991).

Present: In a table showing the populace of provinces in Canada from 2011 and 2016, Nunavut, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon, and Manitoba had the top five levels in growth. However, a two from these provinces: Yukon and Nunavut have extremely low populations. Provinces in the south are continuing to be populated much more, but just taking more time developing. (“Canada Population 2018″,”2018).

Future: Studies have shown that the population of the provinces & territories should be larger in 20+ years than in 2006. Except for three provinces and one territory: Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan and Yukon. Which have been predicted to have smaller populations. Otherwise, the majority of Canada will have high population growth. Also Canada’s west side is supposed to begin growing dramatically in population. (“Provinces and Regions”,” n.d.).

Effect on life in Canada

Past: Although, high population growth is good for economy, it also has its complications. For example, high populace development can cause shortages in fossil fuels, increased unemployment rate, environmental issues, and many more. Such as Toronto: a city that has always had high air pollution levels.

Present: The southern part of Canada is continuing to have high population increase. This results in very uneven population distribution. Also, high population development creates difficulties with individual satisfaction. Cities like Vancouver and Quebec are somewhat Canada’s busiest urban areas. This impacts the amount of vehicles on the streets and higher fossil fuel levels.

Future: It is predicted that the Western side of Canada will be a highly diverse area. It will have more job opportunities and a stronger economy for residents/newcomers.

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2. Importance of immigration



– The head tax for Chinese migrants increased from $50 to $100 in 1885.

– In 1900, Canada had welcomed 41″,681 migrants into the country.

– Later in 1903, the head tax for China became $500.

– From 1901-1918, Canada gained $18 million because of Chinese migrants.

(Dench, n.d.).


– According to “The National Household Survey” in 2011, Asia is known to be the leading continent in Canada’s immigration population. (“150 years of immigration in Canada”,” 2016).


– The primary foundation of Canada’s development will be through immigration. It is predicted Canada will welcome 590″,900 in 2060-2061.

– One journalist in the Globe and Mail named John Ibbitson states, “By 2036, the agency predicts, as many as 30 per cent of all residents will not have been born in Canada.” (Ibbitson, 2017).

Effect on life in Canada


– Canada had gained a lot from Chinese immigrants. Canada’s economy became stronger and more successful. Bringing educated & hard-working youth had many benefits like strengthening professional environments across Canada. (Dalgleish, 2013).


– All newcomers that are brought into Canada have a reason. Knowledge, diversity, and experience are all crucial assets that continuously guide Canada to great improvement. Immigrants also enhance labor force, pay taxes, housing, and consumer goods. (Dalgleish, 2013).


– By 2035, roughly 100% of Canada’s population growth will be from immigration.

– These immigrants will boost trade ties among Canada & other countries, develop stronger culture and diversity, and improve Canada’s economy all throughout.

3. Population distribution



– Canada’s population was distributed very unevenly in 1891.

– While southern Canada was fairly populated depending on the area, Northern Canada was mostly empty.

– For example, Southern Ontario, Manitoba, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island are all extremely cluttered regions. (“Population Distribution, 1851-1961″,” n.d.).


– The south is where the majority of residents live. This is near the U.S border and it leaves the Northern region very empty.

– Along the axis from Québec city to Windsor near the St Lawrence River and lakes Ontario is where it is heavily populated, too.

– Lastly, the western part of Canada, specifically in Vancouver & Victoria, British Columbia and areas between Calgary and Edmonton. (“Provinces and Regions”,” n.d.).


– It is predicted Western Canada’s population will increase as time progresses.

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– New building development, larger fertility rates, better job opportunities, and wealth connected to the oil patch are all things that will persist to attract people to settle into the west. (“Canada census shows people moving west”,” 2012).

Effect on life in Canada


– Although having high population density has its disadvantages, low population density also has its harms. Such as fewer schools, drops in house prices, fewer demands for houses, less care facilities, less job opportunities, and all resulting in weak economy.


– Population distribution affects many things including the quality of life. Sparsely populated areas like the north have very difficult conditions to live in.

– For example, weather being too cold certainly affects personal satisfaction. This results in people deciding to settle in the south because majority of people prefer not to live in too cold or too hot conditions. (Whittemore, n.d.).


– In areas that will continue to develop population wise, the financial system will also strengthen. For example, Western Canada.

– But, for degrading locations, the economy will weaken resulting in failure. An example of this could be the North of Canada.

4. Age structure



– In 1851, 44.8% of the population was ages 0-14 years, 52.7% fell into ages 15-64 years, & 2.5% was 65 years or more. (Historical Age Pyramid, 2017).


– In 2016, 16.6% of the population was from ages 0-14 years, 66.6% was 15-64 years, and 16.9% was 65 years or older.

– Meaning the younger age bracket is decreasing and the older age group is increasing. (Historical Age Pyramid, 2017).


– It is said by 2026, more than one-fifth (20.8%) of Canada’s population will be seniors.

– By 2031, about 16.3% of Canada will be 14 years or under. (“Data table for figure 3″,” 2015)

– It is also predicted by 2056, one-quarter or above of people will also be seniors. (“and sex structure: Canada, provinces and territories, 2010”,” 2015)

Effect on life in Canada


– About 45% of the population during 1851 consisted of 0-14-year olds. Being very beneficial for the country for they could perform labor and strengthen the economy as they grew. (Agius & Grant, 2017).


– Comparing the age pyramids of 1851 & 2016, 1851 had a larger amount of youths and less elderly. But as years progressed the older age group increased while the younger generation decreased.

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– This is very bad since not a lot of labor will be done and this will slow down economy development many years. (Agius & Grant, 2017).


– Canada’s population is maturing and by ageing it will be extremely detrimental to the economy.

– Increasing government consumption due to the rise in demand for health care can be caused by severe ageing inhabitants. (Dhaliwal, 2016).

Sources used:

– Canada Population 2018. (2018, September 24). Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Provinces and regions. (n.d.). Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Dench, J. (n.d.). A hundred years of immigration to Canada 1900 – 1999. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Statistics Canada. (2016, June 29). 150 years of immigration in Canada. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Ibbitson, J. (2017, January 27). The politics of 2036, when Canada is as brown as it is white. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Dalgleish, S. M. (2013, June 14). A Focused Immigration Policy means prosperity and jobs for all; why Canada’s future depends on higher immigration levels. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– (n.d.). Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Population Distribution, 1851-1961. (n.d.). Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Canada census shows people moving west | CBC News. (2012, February 8). Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Whittemore, J. (n.d.). Population Distribution Factors: Job Availability, Quality of Life & Ethnicity. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Statistics Canada. (2017, May 01). Historical Age Pyramid. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Age and sex structure: Canada, provinces and territories, 2010. (2015, November 30). Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Figures for age and sex structure: Canada, provinces and territories, 2010. (2015, November 30). Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Grant, T., & Agius, J. (2017, May 3). Census 2016: The growing age gap, gender ratios and other key takeaways. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from

– Dhaliwal, K. (2016, December 13). Harmful effects of the ageing population on the economy – University of Kent. Retrieved January 6, 2019, from


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