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Family analysis

Family Analysis

Tamara Hutton

University of Texas at Arlington College of Nursing and Health Innovation

In partial fulfillment of the requirements of

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N3352 Legacy of the Family

Patti Allard PhD, RN-BC, LMFT

March 30, 2019

Family Analysis

Family is about creating bonds. I will be assessing and analyzing the G family. This analysis will include a genogram, ecomap and will cover a description of the family, sociocultural data, environment, communication, power & role structure, values, spiritual activities, socialization, adaptation, healthcare beliefs, practice and interventions.

Description of Nuclear Family

The G family is a nuclear family with dual earners. Both parents earn money from a trucking business that they own. The family consists of husband, wife and four children. The head of the household is DG, he is He is 39 years old and works in his own trucking business. His favorite thing to do is play soccer on Sundays with his friends. His wife NG is 36 years old and also works in the trucking business. Both parents have not completed a college degree, but are doing well and fall in the middle class category. They do not plan on going to college, but talk to their children about the importance of college. The husband and wife are in Erikson’s sixth stage “intimacy vs isolation” where close bonds are important (McLeod, 2013). Their oldest daughter MG is 17 and will go college this year. She is in Erikson’s “identity vs role confusion” stage as she prepares to be an adult (McLeod, 2013). JG is the second child who is in middle school. She is 11 years old and enjoys riding her bike to school and playing with her friends. The third child is AG is 10 years old. She attends elementary school and also enjoys playing with friends. Both are in Erikson’s “industry vs. inferiority” stage which can be seen with the importance of friendships (McLeod, 2013). EG who is 4 years old is the youngest of the family and in the “initiative vs. guilt”. stage where he tends to try to do things on his own.

Sociocultural Data

The G family is a part of the middle class. Both DG and NG are originally from Jamaica and migrated to the United States with their families to get a better life. Their children were born in the USA and appreciate the rich culture their parents share with them. DG is the head of the house and has established great bonds which has helped to create an abundance of work in the family business.

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Genogram

Ecomap

Environment

The environment in which a home is located plays a role in the well-being of the family (Friedman, Bowden, & Jones, 2003, p. 249). The G family lives in middle to upper class gated community. They have a five bedroom with 2 floors, which also has a game room for the children’s pleasure. The home features modern furniture and each child has their own room with their favorite decor. The house itself is well looked after and appears safe for the family.

Communication

Communication provides a way for the family to communicate with each other and required a clear message (Friedman et al., 2003, p. 271). Within the G family, the most recent conflict between husband and wife was about building a pool in the backyard. NG wants a pool for the children mostly, but DG believes the pool will take up too much space and requires lots of maintenance. Though they had this disagreement, they were able to both state their pros and cons without becoming disruptive in the family environment. This has helped build a close relationship with their children. DG and NG practice to communicate in an effective manner, because they both grew up in Jamaica with their parents arguing and not allowing them to express their thoughts.

Power structure

Everyone in the G family plays a role. The primary decision maker in the family is DG. He is a husband, a father and a friend in the home. He was the primary caregiver until they both decided to work in the trucking business together. Mary serves as a wife, while caring for the family and home. She also manages the business contracts from home, while DG drives the trucks to their destination. The children do not make any decisions regarding leaving the house, everything has to be verified with both parents. Since DG is travelling for work MG the eldest is most close to her mother.

Values

The values that a family has, helps to direct the rules and beliefs a family will follow (Friedman et al., 2003, p. 352). The G family strongly believes in having respect in the way you carry yourself. DG is very stern about what his daughters can wear when they are out of the house. Both parents believe in family time, which is reflected in the many pictures of activities on the walls in their home.

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Spiritual activities

Church is a big part of the G family. In the beginning, DG advised me that he did not go to church. However he had a change of heart upon going to church with NG his wife. Even though DG is away for work during the week, he ensures he is back in time for church on Sundays. The family associates with the Baptist church and make prayer a part of their daily lifestyle.

Socialization

Socialization plays an important factor in the G family. They use their social skills to get contracts for the trucking business. Additionally on the weekends they rotate between their friends and have potlucks where they can interact with their friends. This also allows the children to have meaningful interactions with children their age. DG and NG agree this is a part of their child rearing strategy. They allow them to express themselves respectfully and will discipline when needed. DG plays soccer with a group of men he has known for 11 years. These men have become a part of his family and he states that “ they have helped him with hard decisions in the past”. DG and NG do not socialize as much as they want to family, because they leave out of state or more than 4 hours away.

Adaptation

In order for a family to be adaptable, they must open to changes in situations around them (Friedman et al., 2003, p. 161). The G family initially had a hard time adapting to NG being away on the road during the week. Due to this, NG became overwhelmed with mother, wife and business duties. Through discussion, they set the schedule so that DG would take off three weeks every other month to spend time with his family and vacation. Per NG, this has worked out for them and they are not having any more conflicts about work.

Health Care

Healthcare is a big issue for the G Family. They believe in God to see them through any illness, but also trust in medical professionals to provide help when possible. They both have medical professionals in their families. Both DG and NG mothers are nurses and give helpful advice when the children are sick. The G family practices a proactive approach and keeps up with checkups on a regular basis. The G family said they had a scare when their oldest MG became ill with pneumonia and was admitted to the hospital. Both grandparents flew in to help during that time. Since they are both from Jamaica, they believe in the use of some herbal medicines like mint tea for belly aches and placing rubbing alcohol on the forehead for headaches.

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Recommendations for Strengthening/Maintaining the Family’s Health

Recommendations for maintaining and strengthening the G family’s health include promoting exercise and healthy eating. NG does Zumba since she work from home and told me she put on 5 pounds since she started working from home. She recently bought a bicycle to help increase her movement. DG is pretty active on the weekend playing soccer, but could join NG for support. The children and the parents can engage in activities like obstacle courses where they can be active and spend time together as a family. NG cooks a lot of meals with rice and could benefit from adding more greens to her dinner servings and decreasing fried foods.

Interventions

The health belief model seems suitable for the G family because they believe in taking preventative measures. They frequently get checkups even though they have private insurance. They are aware that when any of the family members get a disease or illness, it can affect the life significantly (Friedman et al., 2003, p. 431). Since the G family still have young child, it is important they teach them about keeping their hands clean and prevention of infections. This will help to minimize their risk of contracting a disease.

Conclusion

In conclusion the G family was a pleasure to assess. The G family is a nuclear family that is hard working. They possess strong religious beliefs and teach their children to be respectful to others. As the head of household NG is very hard working and caters to his family’s need. Religion is important to the G family and keeps them grounded .

References

Friedman, M. M., Bowden, V. R., & Jones, E. G. (2003). Family nursing: Research, theory, and practice (5th ed., pp. 161, 249, 352, 431). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Goldenberg, I., & Goldenberg, H., (2000). Family therapy: An overview (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

McLeod, S. (2013). Erik Erikson. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html

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