Food safety issues are as old as humanity and over time ancient humans have developed strategies so that the food they eat does not harm them. To produce food with any new technology, there is a need for proper protection to protect human and animal health. There are some written records that exist but it is reasonable to assume, historically, new food products were established by security trials and bugs. Depending on their long history of safe use today, food used today is generally seen as safe. It is worth noting that this general acceptance of historical security does not mean that some traditional food can not cause adverse health effects in some circumstances.
Microbial contamination and potentially toxic chemicals, both natural and human are considered to be the source of most risks when facing food. The top priority is to ensure that people with infected agents such as foodgrains and bacteria are protected, which is considered to be the main source of food- based illness. Due to the complexity of food and the natural presence of potential risks, ensuring food security is not a common thing. Almost any single definition of safe food will be much easier, because safe food is a complex, multifaceted concept. According to the World Health Organization / Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), food is considered fair if it is reasonable to believe that there is no harm in its use under expected conditions of use. The FAO further explains that the goal of any safety assessment is to ensure the best available scientific knowledge, to ensure that it is not used when food is prepared, it is used and / or used according to its purpose. Absolute safety of food or ingredient can not be guaranteed. However, due to proper precautions during production, the production and distribution of products, the risks associated with any food is kept to a minimum, which is generally acceptable to consumers.
The food safety obtained from genetically modified crops should be addressed as an inseparable part of the food security issue. This is because genetically modified foods are not generally less secure than their traditional counterparts. However, due to the past experience of worrying about GM food and novel techniques, this diet has been done on the basis of strict safety evaluation procedures that generally do not apply to traditional food. Assessment of the safety of complete chemicals, which are a complex and mutual mix of many chemicals, it is challenging to evaluate the safety of individual chemicals. As a result, new approaches have been developed to help evaluate GM food safety, in which the original concept “significant equivalence”.This is related to a complete, safeguard approach, which is not genetically modified in crops related to crop, and it would be considered safe for consumption on a broader comparison of the properties of GM crops.
Food contaminates when food is contaminated with another substance. It can be in the process of production, transport, packaging, storage, sale and cooking. The contamination can be physical, chemical and biological.
There are physical contaminants such as hair, plant stems or plastic and metal pieces. When a foreign substance comes in food, it is a physically contaminant. If exotic substances are abbacteria, the case will be physical and biological contamination.
Common sources of physical infections are: hair, glass or metal, insects, jewelry, dirt and fingers.
Chemical contamination occurs when food is contaminated with natural or synthetic chemical substances. Common sources of chemical contamination: Use of pesticides, herbicides, veterinary medicines, environmental sources (water, air or ground pollution), cross-contamination during food processing, migration from food packaging materials, presence of naturally occurring poison or invalid food additives and humid people.
Chemical contamination usually shares the following characteristics:
They are not deliberately added.
One or more stage sensitivity may occur in food production.
The result is if the customers eat enough of them.
Biological contamination refers to the food that is contaminated by substances manufactured by humans, rats, insects or microbes. It contains bacterial contamination, viral contamination or parasitic contamination, which is transmitted through saliva, insect stings, blood or fats. Bacterial food poisoning is the most common cause of food poisoning worldwide. If the environment is high in starch or protein, contains water, oxygen, neutral PH levels, and for a short time also maintains a temperature between 5ºC and 60ºC, bacteria can survive.
According to the 2003 World Health Organization (WHO) report, WHO found that 30% of toxic poisoning in the European region is found in private homes. According to WHO and CDC, in the USA alone, there are 76 million annual cases of annual meals. 325″,000 leads to hospitalization and 5″,000 deaths.
Infant food safety
Foodborne illness is any disease caused by food spoilage of contaminated food, pathogenic bacteria, viruses or parasites that contaminate food. Food safety is an effective way of handling dangerous food and the prevention of illness in infants. Foodborne illness is a serious health problem, especially for children and children. Babies and young children are particularly vulnerable to dietary illness because their immune systems do not develop enough to fight against bacterial infections. In fact, every year the US In children under 10 years of age, there are 800″,000 illnesses. Therefore, taking extra care while handling and preparing their food.
Food safety- risk analysis
A food Safety-risk analysis is not only necessary to produce or produce high quality goods and products, to safeguard safety and public health, but to comply with international and national standards and market regulations. Hazardous analysis can strengthen food safety practices and reduce side-effects of diseases. Focusing on the major risks of production at risk of safety – not every security problem requires formal risk analysis. Sometimes, for critical or controversial analysis, regular staff are endorsed by independent consultants.
The primary purpose of food safety is conservation
Some chemical substances and biological agents included in the feed, either deliberately or unintentionally, can lead to risk of animal origin and may feed at any stage of production until food point.
– Human health risks associated with the risks associated with animal diet are relatively small compared to other sources of risks from food sources.
– Where risks of food arise in food, the risk should be adequately handled.
– Food ingredients that do not create any food risk or for which any food risk can be properly controlled, should not be restricted from the use of the feed based on food safety concerns.
Changes in the feed or feed structure, as well as changes in feed processing methods, can result in changes in the risks of foodborne risks associated with food risks. It is important to identify and evaluate potential risks before any changes are made.
– Risk management from food-borne food risks is needed to reduce weight against potential risks that result from inadequate or over-expensive food supply and environmental risks that will result from the failure of reusing nutrients.
– All those involved in feed and animal production, especially those who are in a position to provide veterinary and pathological information, are required to establish a connection between identified or potential risk and risk levels. Such information is essential for developing and maintaining proper risk management options and safe food practices.