In Perfume, ambition, greed, and many other weaknesses of human nature act as driving forces influencing the decisions of almost all the characters, and this eventually leads to their individual downfalls. Suskind uses setting to emphasize the failings of human nature, revealing how these inclinations can cause destruction and devastation. The negative aspects of human nature made evident in Perfume are greed, selfishness, and weak-mindedness. As well as that, Suskind expresses how humans are slaves to their intrinsic senses, yet they are ignorant of the power these senses have over them with leaves them easily persuaded. These flaws of humanity are what makes the fate of many characters in Perfume tragic and these same flaws of humanity are reflected in a majority of these characters. The novel was set during 18th century France known as the “Age of Enlightenment” were people of different social classes tried to conceal their true identities by creating a dishonest facade. It was an era in which everybody wanted to be perceived greater than they truly were and I was because if this that the majority utilized fragrances to mask their odors, with the intention of reconstructing other people’s perception of them. It was difficult for regular people to ever truly be considered extraordinary or climb up the social ladder, although all craved affluence, due to numerous aspects of French Society and culture. Suskind demonstrates how the people in French societies dealt with their personal ambition to become great in spite of their social (restrictions????). Some of them, like Baldini for instance, desired riches, while others lusted for things and people that they could not have. It was this intrinsic greed, lack of contentment, and the desire for more that led to the destruction of their lives. Suskind also depicts how ambition changes people, bringing forth iniquitous traits such as greed and cruelty. In the opening passage of the novel, Suskind names some abominations of the eighteenth century France, all of whom were extremely ambitious. Here, Suskind utilizes allusion by mentioning abomination such as “de Sade’s, for instance, or Saint-Just’s, Fbuche’s, Bonaparte” (Suskind 1) as well as it also foreshadows Grenouille’s own journey and destruction following a similar path as those mentioned. From the beginning of the novel, the idea that ambition will ultimately lead to evil. Suskind was influenced by the setting of France at that time as the church wanted more money, aristocracy more power, and the peasants wanted more bread. Everybody wanted to rise up the social class. However, it was ambition that led to corruption, pain, and even death, all of which Grenouille’s victims suffered as did Grenouille himself. Greed, the intense and selfish desire for something, especially wealth, and power is a basic animalistic instinct that all living creatures possess, an in Perfume, Suskind depicts greed as a prominent human flaw. One of the main characters … is the well-known perfumer, Baldini. Grenouille becomes Baldini’s new apprentice and soon becomes a great resource to him by developing marvelous new scents in Baldini’s name, quickly elevating his status among society and … his pride. Baldini’s greed for recognition and wealth is clear as he only accepted Grenouille as his apprentice after he saw the good fortune he will be able to bring to the shop. As time went by, Baldini begins to believe that all the success which was brought by Grenouille was his own. This is evident when Baldini states that, “My luck, in that case, would be by the means by which divine justice ha achieved its end, and thus I not only ought to accept it, but I must, without shame and without the least regret” (Suskind 109). Here, the transformation of Baldini’s character is made evident as Baldini’s word choice and way of seeking changes dramatically as he begins to refer to himself using amplification. By doing this, Suskind emphasizes that it is Baldini’s initial greed and relentless ambition that leads to his further declination. Another character that helps convey Suskind’s negative views on human nature id Madame Gaillard. Madam Galliard’s unfulfilled ambition was to have her own private sheltered death in the Hotel-Dieu away from any human. Suskind’s characterizes her as a cold woman, laking the sense of smell, which in the novel is a very crucial part of (being a human???). To fulfill her ambition, she cares for orphans that nobody wants and because of her greed, she is blind to all the characteristics that made Grenouille undesirable to Jeanne Bussie and Father Terrier. Throughout the novel, Suskind repeatedly emphasizes that there are basic senses, specifically smell, that rules all mankind. He writes that “Odors have a power of persuasion stronger than that of words, appearances, emotions, or will. The persuasive power of an odor cannot be fended off, it enters into us like breath into our lungs, it fills us up, imbues us totally. There is no remedy for it” (Suskind 37). However; Suskind also expresses how humanity does not know or understand the power that these basic senses have over them and that they are the essence of all their decisions. Suskind uses satire to demonstrate this when Richis is traveling with his daughter and they stop at the hotel. Before he goes to bed he checks on Grenouille to see if he was any threat to his daughter and when he sees his in the barn, he only saw an innocent ambiance and believes that his daughter is safe. The next morning Richis’s judgment of Grenouille proves to be completely wrong as he finds his daughter dead the next morning. Without realizing it, Richis is easily fooled by his senses, evidence of how individuals cannot trust their own judgment. This same idea is reinforced throughout the entire novel, especially at the end of the novel when Grenouille is supposed to be executed, but suddenly the people feel an overwhelming sense of compassion towards him because Grenouille is wearing his ultimate Perfume that he created. As a result of this, the people set Grenouille free and kill an innocent man. Drout, instead. This explores the weakness of human nature and how much of a slave people are to their senses. In conclusion, Suskind uses setting and characterization to explore the negative aspect of human nature and its weaknesses as well as to demonstrate how characteristics like greed and ambition will eventually lead to destruction and chaos. Suskind explore these traits by allowing his characters to exhibit then and using irony, characterization, imagery, and satire to demonstrate how the trait qircky leads to their declination. Suskind also implies that these aspects of human nature would eventually lead to the downfall of humanity; as the reader examines these weaknesses ruin the lives of countless of people. This is also developed by Suskin’s use of setting, which aids the author in generating tension throughout the novel as well as allowing for the humanityhumanity to be observed.