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How to identify horse breeds? — simple techniques to identify your horse breed

Horse breeding is a human involved process for reproducing genus with precise features created by human. Furthermore, technological involvement for the process helps to create most effective generations. Content of this article provides you a comprehensive understanding for how to identify horse breeds.

Common horse breeds

Not a hypothesis, but you can find more than 300 horse breeds around the world. Among that huge amount below common horse breeds can be highlighted”,

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01. Australian horse breeds

– Australian stock horse

– Waler horse (pony, light, medium and heavy)

– Brumby horse

02. British horse breeds

– Shire horse

– thoroughbred horses

03. American horse breeds

– American quarter horse

– Appaloosa horse

– Morgan horse

– Tennessee walker

– American paint horse

While on the discussion about all above horse breeds Arabian horse breed has been identified as the best horse breed in the world.

What breed is my horse quiz?

“What breed is my horse quiz?” means what are the questions that you couls search to identify breed of your horse.

What is the category?

Horses are identified in three (03) main categories as”,

01. Hot bloods – which fine-boned and narrow- shouldered.

02. Cold bloods – which draft and heavy breeds.

03. Warm bloods – which the mixture of hot and cold bloods.

What are the physical characteristics?

Further in this article, physical characteristics described in detail for each breed.

How to identify a horse?

Most of the owners of horses obtain a passport for their horses which include main physical features like height, sex and special physical marks. By the way it is very important to identify a horse, hence other members in the horse family including zebras, asses and hominoids also having similar features to horse.

Horses are one of the most bright, flexible and adaptive creature that can easily be living in any changing environmental condition.

Physical features

Horses are hoofed, herbivorous species group which hoof can be identified as special feature. Bay, brown, chestnut and brown are the most common colors of horses. Weight of a horse varies from 135 kilograms to 1100 kilograms while height is between 1 meter to 1.8 meters. Physical features of horse arranged to comfortable breathing, hearing, smell and sight. It has the largest eyes among all land animals which is located on sides of head to facilitate easy sight around. Wide nose strips at edge of head helps to easy breath where grown horse required pulse between 36 and 40 beats per minute. Its body covered with grown brown hair.

Horse has long skull which made with 34 bones. Also, they have 44 teeth and all teeth comprised with long crowns and short roots. Horse’s stomach made to hold 10 gallons at a time.

Bath male and female hoses are ready to reproduce at age of two (02) years. They have eleven (11) months gestation period and give one birth at a time.

English horse breeds

English horse breeds contain 16 types of breeds as”,

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01. Shetland

This is originated at Scotland. Shetland breeds are most popular as pets and as riding and driving horses. This is a little animal with a great personality. Height of this species varied from 70 centimeters to 107 centimeters. Shetland is a species with small head, dished face, wide eyes and alert ears. Black, chestnut, bay, gray, palomino, dun, roan, cremello and silver dapple are the most common colors of Shetland horses. It can carry up to 59kiligrams hence it is very strong horse. Also, life time of this species is about 30 years and they can live any part of the world.

02. Eriskay

Scotland originated horse are height between 122 centimeters to 127 centimeters. Generally it is in gray color, while some are bay or black. For protection from harsh climate they have dense and waterproof coat. The wide forehead is on the large head. Well muscled neck and shoulders bring brave look to this animal. Main uses of this can be highlighted as therapeutic horse riding, dressage, draught work, show jumping, western riding and driving. Body features of Eriskay almost similar to Exmoor pony.

03. Highland

Highland is one of the three native horses in Scotland and it was a workhorse in Scotland main land and islands. This is an adaptive species to dynamic weather condition of Scotland. Layer of bagger-like hair and soft dense undercoat helps to bear the stress of climatic changes. Height of this breed is between 123 centimeters to 147 centimeters. Head is well-carried and keep alert with kind eyes, broad muzzle and deep jowl. They are keeping the tail natural flowing and untrimmed with soft and silky feather hair. They are gray, seal brown, bay and black in color. But the colors have been changed with their growth as well as changes in weather conditions. The uses of this animal are to general riding, trekking and driving.

04. Clydesdale

Clydesdale is originally one of the smaller breeds; today it is tall which is between 163 centimeters to 183 centimeters and weight between 820kilograms to 910 kilograms. But some matured horses are taller than 1830centimeters and weight more than 1000 kilograms. It has broad forehead and wide muzzle. Generally Clydesdales are gray in color but chestnut, gray and black also occurred. Today this is using for draught purposes including agriculture, lodging and driving.

05. Fell and Dales

Fell and Dales are one of the United Kingdom’s native mountain horses and it is alert, courageous, kind and calm animal. This species is generally tall between 132 centimeters to 142 centimeters. Its head is neat, straight and broad. Hair in tail, mane and legs are straight, silky and abundant. Generally Fell and Dales are black in color but sometimes you can found brown, bay, gray and roan. Star shaped white color patches also found on the head. Today this animal is using for cross-country, eventing, show jumping, driving and dressage.

06. Cleveland bay

This is a very rare breed of horse that originated in England during 17th century. This is generally stood between 163 centimeters to 168 centimeters in height and always bay in color. Mane and legs have breed, light and grayish hair. The breed has a large head, slightly convex profile, and a long, well-muscled neck. This breed has been used to develop several warm blood and draught horse breeds. Today they are using for farm work, driving, show jumping, fox hunting and under-saddle works.

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07. English Thoroughbred

Thoroughbred is the breed that best known for horse racing. It is generally stands between 157 centimeters to 173 centimeters. They are mostly bay, dark bay or brown, chestnut, black, or gray in color but rarely found roan and palomino. Well-grown Thoroughbreds have a well-chiseled head on a long neck, high withers, a deep chest, a short back, good depth of hindquarters, a lean body, and long legs. Since this breed is performing with high exertion in horse races it face several health issues including accident, bleeding from the lungs, low fertility, abnormally small hearts and a small hoof-to-body-mass ratio. Mainly they are using for horse riding but it is using for show jumping, combined training, polo, dressage and fox hunting also.

08. Hackney

Hackney is a breed that developed based on Great Britain. It is usually stands between 147 centimeters to 168 centimeters in tall and bay, brown, chestnut and black in color while having frequent white markings. The hackney has well-shaped head, convex nose, expressive eyes and ears. Carriage driving and showing in harness events are the most popular uses of Hackney breed.

09. Suffolk punch

Suffolk punch is generally stood between 165 centimeters to 178 centimeters in height and weight between 900 kilograms to 1100 kilograms. Its color is always chestnut with rare white markings on its face. The breed has a powerful, arching neck; well-muscled, sloping shoulders; a short, wide back; and a muscular, broad croup; short, strong legs. Special features of this breed are, tend to mature early and long life time, economical to keep hence need less feeding compared to other breeds in same size and type, hard workers. The uses of this breed are draught work on farms, commercial forestry operations, cross breeding and in advertising.

10. Shire

The Shire is a British breed of draught horse. At various times it hold the world record for tallest and the largest horse. It is usually black, bay, brown or grey in color while having large amount of white markings. It stood between 173 centimeters to 178 centimeters in height and weight ranges from 850 to 1100 kg. The head of a Shire is long and lean, with large eyes, set on a neck that is slightly arched and long in proportion to the body. The shoulder is deep and wide, the chest wide, the back muscular and short and the hindquarters long and wide. Not too much feathering is to occur on the legs, and the hair is fine, straight, and silky. Today, the breed is also used for forestry work and leisure riding.

11. Welsh mountain

Welsh mountain is the section A of Welsh group of horses, which contain four (04) sections. It has small heads with large eyes, sloped shoulders, short backs and strong hindquarters. The forelegs are straight and the cannon bone short. The tail is high-set. The breed stood between 112 centimeters to 163 centimeters in height. Black, grey, chestnut and bay are the most common, but there are also duns and palominos. Welsh mountains today are also used in dressage, endurance riding, general riding, hunting, jumping, and work activities.

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12. Welsh cob

Welsh cob is the section D of Welsh group of horses, which contain four (04) sections. Welsh cob is traditionally a small horse, usually of a stout build, with strong bones, large joints, and steady disposition; it is a body type of horse rather than a specific breed. It is 147 centimeters tall usually with short legs but unlike most other cobs, these animals are shown with full manes and tails.Popular uses of the cob include driving, showing and recreational riding.

13. Exmoor

Exmoor is a horse breed that native to British. Exmoor ponies are usually dark bay with mealy marking around the eyes, muzzle, flanks, and underbelly. They normally stand from 114 centimeters to130 centimeters in height. The chest is deep and the back broad, the croup level. The legs are short, with good bone and hard hooves. Exmoors are used for a variety of activities including showing, long-distance riding, driving, and agility.

14. Dartmoor

Dartmoor breed was originated in England. The small head has large, wide-set eyes and alert ears. The body is strong, with a broad, deep rib cage, and of medium length. The legs are strong, long from body to knee and hock, but with short cannons with strong, dense bone. Dartmoors stood between 114 centimeters to 127 centimeters in height and most common colors are bay, brown, black, grey, chestnut or roan. They are been using for hunting, trail riding, showing, jumping, dressage and driving, as well as everyday riding.

15. New forest

Now forest horses are one of the recognized mountain and native horses breed in Britain. Height differs from 122 centimeters to 147 centimeters and the legs straight with strong, flat bone, and hard, rounded hooves. The New Forest breeds are most commonly bay, chestnut, or grey with white marking on head and lower legs. New Forest ponies also are used today for gymkhanas, show jumping, cross-country, dressage, driving, and eventing.

16. Connemara

Connemara is a breed of large sport type horse which originated in Ireland. The breed makes excellent show ponies. The adult Connemara horse is usually 128 centimeters to 148 centimeters height with a strong back, loins and hind quarters, deep and broad through the ribs, and with a riding-type well laid-back shoulder and well-placed neck without undue crest, giving a good length of rein. Common colors of Connemara horses are grey, black, brown, bay, dun (buckskin), roan, chestnut, palomino and cream. Uses of this breed can be identified as show jumping, dressage and eventing, endurance riding.

Black hose breeds

Black horse is breed where whole skin coat is black, relatively uncommon coat color. Actual black horses have black skin, dark brown eyes and black hair coat which is not contain any other colored hair.

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