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Population policy

Nigeria, being {a country|a rustic} with {the largest|the most important|the biggest} population in {africa|Africa|continent} became the {6th|sixth} largest population {in the|within the} world {after|when|once} China, India, USA, {indonesia|Indonesia|Republic of Indonesia|Dutch East Indies|country|state|land} and Brazil, with a population of 178 Million. Despite Nigeria’s position in today’s {global|international|world} population ranking; {the nation|the state} had not perceived {the need|the necessity|the requirement} for a population policy {until|till} {1980s|Nineteen Eighties|Eighties} {when|once} {the government|the govt|the govt.} began {to see|to ascertain|to check|to envision|to examine|to visualize} population as {a problem|a drag|a haul|a retardant|a tangle}. The non-perceived of the country’s {increased|increased |accrued|accumulated|augmented|enhanced|exaggerated|hyperbolic|inflated|exaggerated|magnified|enlarged|raised|inflated|redoubled|multiplied} population as {a problem|a drag|a haul|a retardant|a tangle} earlier {reflected|mirrored} {in the|within the} nation’s {1st|first}, 2nd, and {3rd|third} Development {plan|arrange|set up} of Actions (United Nations”,

1998; 1973; Sadik, 1991; Federal Republic of {nigeria|Nigeria|Federal Republic of Nigeria|African country|African nation}, 1970; 1975). {nigeria|Nigeria|Federal Republic of Nigeria|African country|African nation} {did not|didn’t|failed to} recognized {population growth|increase|increment|growth} as {a problem|a drag|a haul|a retardant|a tangle} {prior to|before} the {1980s|Nineteen Eighties|Eighties}, {because|as a result of|as a result of} the nation’s {petroleum|crude oil|crude|rock oil|fossil oil|oil|fossil fuel} revenue derived from the then {crude oil|petroleum|crude|rock oil|fossil oil|oil|fossil fuel} market was still booming. {nigeria|Nigeria|Federal Republic of Nigeria|African country|African nation} began {to see|to ascertain|to check|to envision|to examine|to visualize} {increased|increased |accrued|accumulated|augmented|enhanced|exaggerated|hyperbolic|inflated|exaggerated|magnified|enlarged|raised|inflated|redoubled|multiplied} population as {a problem|a drag|a haul|a retardant|a tangle} {when|once} oil {price|worth|value} suddenly fell to US$11 per barrel {in the|within the} {1980s|Nineteen Eighties|Eighties} (Mba, 2002). {the fall|the autumn} in oil {price|worth|value} opened {the eye|the attention} of {the government|the govt|the govt.} of {nigeria|Nigeria|Federal Republic of Nigeria|African country|African nation} to {the reality|the truth|the fact} of population {components|elements|parts} {and the|and therefore the|and also the} {need|would like|want} for a population policy. {the government|the govt|the govt.} {realized|accomplished|completed|realised|complete} this {when|once} it became crystal cleared that it {could not|couldn’t} adequately {provide|give|offer} for the {teeming|swarming|abundant} population. It should, however, be noted that, before this fall in oil {price|worth|value}, there {have been|are} some {global|international|world} programs that {aimed at|aimed toward|geared toward} {controlling|dominant} births {in the|within the} developing countries. {some of|a number of} these programs were {the world|the planet|the globe} Population {plan|arrange|set up} of Action (WPPA) of 1974, the {lagos|Lagos|city|metropolis|urban center|port} {plan|arrange|set up} of Action (LPA) of {april|April|Apr|Gregorian calendar month} 1980, the Monrovian strategy, {and the|and therefore the|and also the} {kilimanjaro|Kilimanjaro|Mount Kilimanjaro|mountain peak} Program of Action adopted by the African council of ministers in 1984. The Program {suggested|advised|instructed|prompt|recommended|steered|urged} that countries {should|ought to} embrace a population policy {that will|which will|that may} {reduce|scale back|cut back} birth rate and increase development (Obono, 2003). By this, the Program associated development with {control|management} fertility. However, despite {the fact|the very fact|the actual fact} that these programs relate development with {control|management} fertility, in real, {the government|the govt|the govt.} of {nigeria|Nigeria|Federal Republic of Nigeria|African country|African nation} {never|ne’er} gave attentions to them {until|till} {the fall|the autumn} in oil {price|worth|value}, {which|that} was {enclosed|enclosed |basined|boxed|boxed-in|boxed in|capsulate|capsulated|clathrate|closed|closed in|coarctate|confined|fenced in|penned|embedded|embowered|encircled|engulfed|enveloped|swallowed|fenced|fencelike|fogbound|self-enclosed|surrounded|encircled|b} with a fall {in the|within the} nation’s economy. As a response {to this|to the present|to the current}, and to the projected negative socio-economic consequence of {rapid|speedy|fast} population growth; {the government|the govt|the govt.} of {nigeria|Nigeria|Federal Republic of Nigeria|African country|African nation} adopted a national policy on population for development, unity, progress and {self-reliance|autonomy|self-direction|self-sufficiency|independence|independency} {to achieve|to realize|to attain} {the primary|the first} goals of decelerating {the rate|the speed} of {population growth|increase|increment|growth}. The country {first|1st|initial} national policy on population was {promulgated|published|publicized |publicised} in 1988 and later revised in 2004. The understanding {of these|of those} policies {will|can} prove {useful|helpful} in {designing|planning|coming up with} and implementing effective Program {to control|to regulate|to manage} fertility, mortality and migration {in a|during a|in an exceedingly|in a very} {diversified|diversified |distributed|varied|wide-ranging|heterogeneous|heterogenous} cultural {milieu|surroundings|environment} like {nigeria|Nigeria|Federal Republic of Nigeria|African country|African nation}. This paper provides {the basis|the idea|the premise} for a {critical|crucial|important|essential|vital} assessment {of these|of those} policies.

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