Last updated on 25.05.2020
Essay on the Principle of Population
Some scientists believe that humanity has reached or surpassed its carrying capacity. This idea is very old. In fact, in 1798 Thomas Robert Malthus published an essay titled An “Essay on the Principle of Population” and he proposed a theory called the Malthusian theory.
This theory basically is “Definition of Malthusian: of or relating to Malthus or to his theory that population tends to increase at a faster rate than its means of subsistence and that unless it is checked by moral restraint or disaster (such as disease, famine, or war) widespread poverty and degradation inevitably result”. This theory has become more popular nowadays as the population is roughly 7.7 billion.
Deng Xiaoping’s decision
Many countries have tried to deal with this “problem”. In 1979 Deng Xiaoping created China’s one-child per couple policy. This was supposed to help China to not overpopulate until its economy could “sustain” the population. Then in 2015 the two-child policy replaced the one-child policy. The U.S has a different policy when it comes to population control. State.gov states “The U.S. does not endorse population ‘stabilization’ or ‘control.’ The ‘ideal’ family size should be determined by the desires of couples, not governments.”
Comparison of two great countries
There is a huge difference between China’s two-child policy and the United State’s policy “determined by the desires of couples”. When the government enforces population control it is cruel. According to economist.com “The one-child-per-couple policy was horrific for women in China. Many were subjected to forced sterilizations or abortions.
Newborn girls were killed, removed by family-planning officials or abandoned by parents desperate that their one permitted baby be a boy.” Governments should not control the population. However, they should provide education for all their citizens.
People are always coming up with doomsday situations. However none of them have ended the world. Nytimes.com explained “The conditions that sustain humanity are not natural and never have been. Since prehistory, human populations have used technologies and engineered ecosystems to sustain populations well beyond the capabilities of unaltered ‘natural’ ecosystems.” In other words, people are not like animals. People do not have a carrying capacity because humans make their own ecosystems.
Overpopulation has not caused there to be more starvation or thirst. Npr.org claims that “There Are 200 Million Fewer Hungry People Than 25 Years Ago.” That is saying a lot, especially since there are roughly two billion more people in the world than there were in 1994. The problem is not overpopulation. The problem is how to stop this detrimental misconception.
There are many things currently threatening marine life. Of these, the one of the most prevalent ones is plastic pollution. Epa.gov states “Common trash from consumer goods makes up the majority of what eventually becomes marine debris, polluting our waterways and oceans. Plastics in the aquatic environment are of increasing concern because of their persistence and effect on the environment, wildlife, and human health. EPA’s Trash-Free Waters program is reducing the volume of trash entering U.S. waterways.”
The problem is that there is so much plastic in the ocean that it is extremely hard to find a good solution. According to nationalgeographic.com “Because plastic wasn’t invented until the late 19th century, and production really only took off around 1950, we have a mere 9.2 billion tons of the stuff to deal with. Of that, more than 6.9 billion tons have become waste. And of that waste, a staggering 6.3 billion tons never made it to a recycling bin—a figure that stunned the scientists who crunched the numbers in 2017.” By 2050 the total amount of plastic will outweigh all the fish in the entire ocean.
Ways to save the ocean from trash
On October 12, 2018 president Trump signed the Save Our Seas Act. President Trump said “As president, I will continue to do everything I can to stop other nations from making our oceans into their landfills,” According to nationalgeographic.com “The law fosters efforts to clean up plastic trash from the world’s oceans and encourages federal trade negotiators to prod ‘leaders of nations responsible for the majority of marine debris’ to improve management of waste that ends up in the oceans.” However, this program is only funded till 2022 which is only three years. It is definite that long term solutions to this problem are imperative as it is such huge problem. Earlier in 2018 United airlines made the decision to stop using plastic straws.