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We all know that smartphones have been part of our lives. We are always with

We all know that smartphones have been part of our lives. We are always with

smartphones.We are with them when we exercise, eat, or even sleep. We, as a passenger

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walking down the street are with mobile phones. A lot of people might have the experience

of not noticing the change of the traffic light so they were in hurry. We, sometimes, as a

driver are with mobile phones. Those are the situations in which a big problem is caused.

There have been various of studies dealing with the relationship between everyday life and

mobile phones. In this paper, I would focus on the exact situation when drivers are with the

mobile phones. Not only on the danger it causes because we all know that it is hazardous”,

but also on the negative outcomes in terms of economy.

As mentioned above, we all know that drivers’ using phone causes huge problems

especially in safety. Nevertheless, a consistent number of car accidents are caused due to

mobile phones. According to a study done by State Farm Insurance , an insurance company”,

in the U.S. They found out that among drivers they studied 19% of them used the Internet

services during their drive.

Besides this study, there have been a lot other studies of drivers dealing with mobile

phones.The fact that there are continuing number of studies also implies that the danger

caused by mobile phones are not temporary, they are continuous. So isn’t there any other

alternative to mobile phones in a car? Then, there comes the idea of hands-free devices.

Hands-free devices are made for drivers to enjoy the same services like their mobile phones.

What’s more, they are not considered to be illegal. Therefore, we can see actors making

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their calls using hands-free devices in the scene of tv shows or movies.

However, using hands-free devices does not necessarily means that it reduces the

probability of car accidents. According to a study done by Carnegie Mellon University, a

driver’s attention is reduced about 37% by just listening to someone talking on a phone.

That means, hands- free devices also distract drivers, which gives an ironic view to the fact

that there are not sufficient laws that regulate drivers with hands- free devices or firms that

produce cars that provide hand-free services.

What drivers do with their phones might be various but we can sort them into calls”,

texting, internet surfing and so on. Whatever the criteria might be, the idea that all cause

negative impacts is same.

Instead of only pointing out the danger of mobile phones, we have to focus on the

actual losses of the problem. In public economic point of view, mobile phones in driving

causes social costs. It is well know that mobile phones cause costs to drivers. Accidents

caused by distraction due to smartphones cause cost for drivers or their insurance fee can

be increased. Moreover, it can be also shown as negative externalities, which means market

failure.

According to a study done by NHTSA(National Authority Traffic Safety

Administration), using phones while driving can reduce drivers well-being.This institution

says that mobile phones reduce the efficiency. Mobile phones make government engage

into the situation. For example, they have to affairs associated with those accidents, giving

drivers tickets and other things that all cause costs to the government. This shows that

driving with mobile phone is wasting because of the negative externalities caused by

distraction. Therefore, when the states makes a law that prohibits the use of smartphones”,

mobile phones while driving, the negative externalities can be reduced thanks to those laws.

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If a driver got a ticket for using mobile phones, that revenue of ticket can be used to local or

state needs , which increases overall welfare of the city, like the concept of pigovian tax. For

example, if there are drivers those got the tickets for their use of mobile phones while

driving, they have to pay for the fee. That paid fee goes to government budgets and can be

used to make new roads or other things that increases the utility of citizens. However, if

there was no law against using phones while driving, the government should other areas to

get that amount of budget or the overall utility might be decreased. Therefore, banning using

mobile phones are necessary because needless to say they are safe and economically

efficient.

Then what should be backed up? To sum up, we all know that using mobile phones

while driving is harmful. However, drivers keep using their phones, which causes continuous

number of car accidents. It is not useful to use mobile phones in terms of economics

because that causes negative externalities, which is market failure. If there are enough laws

that ban on the use of mobile phones, then the overall utility would rise. Nevertheless, there

are not enough regulations to be precisely ban the use. Even hands-free devices, which

actually known as to cause distractions to drivers are allowed to be used. Doing campaigns

to encourage drivers not to use their phones is also great. However, a more precise and

practical regulations should be made to make the social costs minimized. ‘Precise’ in this

context means that we have to regulate those that are not considered to be illegal like

hands-free devices. ‘Practical’ in this context means, as firms are producing cars that

provides bluetooth or hands -free services, drivers can use it. However, if there is a law that

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regulate the car with such services come out, the percentage of drivers using hands-free

devices would decreased. Therefore, more studies should be focused on the type of mobile

phones (while they are actual phones or hands-free) . Also, the ban need to be stricter than

now so that the overall well-being could be maximized. The more stricter it would be, the

more budget we could get from those drivers, and our overall increased would increase”,

though the best solution is there is no one using their phones and accidents related to

phones are decreased in terms of numbers.

References

Global, CSU.​ “CSU-Global”​. ​web.b.ebscohost.com.csuglobal.idm.oclc.org​. Retrieved

2018-10-26.

Claire Laberge-Nadeau; et al. (2006).

“Crash Risk and Cell Phone Use: Important Questions on the Real Risk for Legal Decision

Makers” (PDF). Archived from​ the original​ (PDF) on April 14, 2008.

The Economist​, “​Car safety: Think before you speak​”, 16 April 2011, p. 37

Claire Laberge-Nadeau; et al. (2006). “Crash Risk and Cell Phone Use: Important Questions on

the Real Risk for Legal Decision Makers”

“An Investigation of the Safety Implications of Wireless Communications in Vehicles”. National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 1997.

Cell Phone Use and Motor Vehicle Collisions: A Review of the StudiesArchived April 14, 2008″,

at the ​Wayback Machine​.

andrew.currin.ctr@dot.gov (2016-09-08). ​”U Drive. U Text. U Pay”​. ​NHTSA​. Retrieved

2018-02-27.

“Illinois to ban texting while driving – CNN.com”. ​CNN​. August 6, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2010

Jane C. Stutts; et al. (May 2001). “The role of driver distraction in traffic crashes” (PDF). AAA

Foundation for Traffic Safety. Archived from ​the original​ (PDF) on October 26, 2007.

http://web.b.ebscohost.com.csuglobal.idm.oclc.org/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=8d8269a3-3f5c-4ec5-83c0-ef15a0db1f97@sessionmgr103

http://www.congrex.com/valdor2006/papers/44_Laberge-Nadeau.pdf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Economist

http://www.economist.com/node/18561075?story_id=18561075

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayback_Machine

https://www.nhtsa.gov/risky-driving/distracted-driving

http://www.aaafoundation.org/pdf/distraction.pdf

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